Decompressive craniectomy in massive cerebral infarction.

Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

PubMedID: 20602032

Mattos JP, Joaquim AF, Almeida JP, Albuquerque LA, Silva EG, Marenco HA, Oliveira Ed. Decompressive craniectomy in massive cerebral infarction. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2010;68(3):339-45.
Twenty one patients were submitted to decompressive craniectomy for massive cerebral infarct. Ten patients (47.6%) presented a good outcome at the 6 months evaluation, eight had a poor outcome (38%) and three died (14.2%). There was no outcome statistical difference between surgery before and after 24 hours of ictus, dominant and non-dominant stroke groups. Patients older than 60 years and those who had a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)<8 in the pre-surgical exam presented worst outcome at six months (p<0.05). Decompressive craniectomy for space-occupying large hemispheric infarction increases the probability of survival. Age lower than 60 years, GCS >8 at pre-surgical exam and decompressive craniectomy before signs of brain herniation represent the main factors related to a better outcome. Dominant hemispheric infarction does not represent exclusion criteria.