Essential role of p400/mDomino chromatin-remodeling ATPase in bone marrow hematopoiesis and cell-cycle progression.

The Journal of biological chemistry

PubMedID: 20610385

Fujii T, Ueda T, Nagata S, Fukunaga R. Essential role of p400/mDomino chromatin-remodeling ATPase in bone marrow hematopoiesis and cell-cycle progression. J Biol Chem. 2010;285(39):30214-23.
p400/mDomino is an ATP-dependent chromatin-remodeling protein that catalyzes the deposition of histone variant H2A.Z into nucleosomes to regulate gene expression. We previously showed that p400/mDomino is essential for embryonic development and primitive hematopoiesis. Here we generated a conditional knock-out mouse for the p400/mDomino gene and investigated the role of p400/mDomino in adult bone marrow hematopoiesis and in the cell-cycle progression of embryonic fibroblasts. The Mx1-Cre- mediated deletion of p400/mDomino resulted in an acute loss of nucleated cells in the bone marrow, including committed myeloid and erythroid cells as well as hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells. A hematopoietic colony assay revealed a drastic reduction in colony-forming activity after the deletion of p400/mDomino. Moreover, the loss of p400/mDomino in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) resulted in strong growth inhibition. Cell-cycle analysis revealed that the mDomino-deficient MEFs exhibited a pleiotropic cell-cycle defect at the S and G(2)/M phases, and polyploid and multi-nucleated cells with micronuclei emerged. DNA microarray analysis revealed that the p400/mDomino deletion from MEFs caused the impaired expression of many cell-cycle-regulatory genes, including G(2)/M-specific genes targeted by the transcription factors FoxM1 and c-Myc. These results indicate that p400/mDomino plays a key role in cellular proliferation by controlling the expression of cell-cycle-regulatory genes.