High-speed growth of TiO2 nanotube arrays with gradient pore diameter and ultrathin tube wall under high-field anodization.

Nanotechnology

PubMedID: 20829566

Yuan X, Zheng M, Ma L, Shen W. High-speed growth of TiO2 nanotube arrays with gradient pore diameter and ultrathin tube wall under high-field anodization. Nanotechnology. 2010;21(40):405302.
Highly ordered TiO(2) nanotubular arrays have been prepared by two-step anodization under high field. The high anodizing current densities lead to a high-speed film growth (0.40-1.00 microm min(-1)), which is nearly 16 times faster than traditional fabrication of TiO(2) at low field. It was found that an annealing process of Ti foil is an effective approach to get a monodisperse and double-pass TiO(2) nanotubular layer with a gradient pore diameter and ultrathin tube wall (nearly 10 nm). A higher anodic voltage and longer anodization time are beneficial to the formation of ultrathin tube walls. This approach is simple and cost-effective in fabricating high-quality ordered TiO(2) nanotubular arrays for practical applications.