14,15-Dihydroxy-eicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid selectively inhibits 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid-induced relaxations in bovine coronary arteries.

The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics

PubMedID: 20881018

Bukhari IA, Gauthier KM, Jagadeesh SG, Sangras B, Falck JR, Campbell WB. 14,15-Dihydroxy-eicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid selectively inhibits 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid-induced relaxations in bovine coronary arteries. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2011;336(1):47-55.
Cytochrome P-450 epoxygenases metabolize arachidonic acid (AA) to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs). EETs relax vascular smooth muscle by membrane hyperpolarization. 14,15-Epoxyeicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid (14,15-EE5ZE) antagonizes many vascular actions of EETs. EETs are converted to the corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). sEH activity in the bovine arterial endothelium and smooth muscle regulates endogenous EETs. This study examined sEH metabolism of 14,15-EE5ZE to 14,15-dihydroxy-eicosa-5(Z)-enoic acid (14,15-DHE5ZE) and the resultant consequences on EET relaxations of bovine coronary arteries (BCAs). BCAs converted 14,15-EE5ZE to 14,15-DHE5ZE. This conversion was blocked by the sEH inhibitor 12-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-dodecanoic acid (AUDA). 14,15-EET relaxations (maximal relaxation, 83.4 ± 4.5%) were inhibited by 14,15-DHE5ZE (10 µM; maximal relaxation, 36.1 ± 9.0%; p < 0.001). In sharp contrast with 14,15-EE5ZE, 14,15-DHE5ZE is a 14,15-EET-selective inhibitor and did not inhibit 5,6-, 8,9-, or 11,12-EET relaxations. 14,15-EET and 11,12-EET relaxations were similar in the presence and absence of AUDA (1 µM). 14,15-EE5ZE inhibited 14,15-EET relaxations to a similar extent with and without AUDA pretreatment. However, 14,15-EE5ZE inhibited 11,12-EET relaxations to a greater extent with than without AUDA pretreatment. These observations indicate that sEH converts 14,15-EE5ZE to 14,15-DHE5ZE, and this alteration influences antagonist selectivity against EET-regioisomers. 14,15-DHE5ZE inhibited endothelium-dependent relaxations to AA but not endothelium-independent relaxations to sodium nitroprusside. A series of sEH-resistant ether analogs of 14,15-EE5ZE was developed, and analogs with agonist and antagonist properties were identified. The present study indicates that conversion of 14,15-EE5ZE to 14,15-DHE5ZE produces a 14,15-EET-selective antagonist that will be a useful pharmacological tool to identify EET receptor(s) and EET function in the cardiovascular system.