Amplified fluorescent recognition of g-quadruplex folding with a cationic conjugated polymer and DNA intercalator.

ACS applied materials & interfaces

PubMedID: 21028820

Xu H, Gao S, Yang Q, Pan D, Wang L, Fan C. Amplified fluorescent recognition of g-quadruplex folding with a cationic conjugated polymer and DNA intercalator. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2010;2(11):3211-6.
The single stranded DNA (ssDNA) with G-rich sequence can fold into G-quadruplex via intramolecular hydrogen-bonding interaction in the presence of ligand. This structure conversion can be specifically detected by a fluorescence method based on different interaction between SYBR Green I (SG) and various DNA structures. SG is proved to intercalate into G-quadruplex and results in high fluorescence intensity, which can be further amplified by 6-fold through fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from a water-soluble cationic conjugated polymer (CCP) to SG due to the high affinity of positively charged CCP to negatively charged rigid G-quadruplex, whereas it is not performed for ssDNA in the absence of K(+). As a result, the ssDNA/SG/CCP complex can be used to detect potassium ions with improved selectivity in a label-free and cost-effective manner.