Selective reduction in twins and multiple pregnancies.

Journal of perinatal medicine

PubMedID: 21138401

Antsaklis A, Anastasakis E. Selective reduction in twins and multiple pregnancies. J Perinat Med. 2011;39(1):15-21.
The number of multiple pregnancies has increased, mainly due to the uncontrolled use of the assisted conception techniques. Multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) has been used to reduce the risks associated with these high-risk pregnancies. It is performed in the first trimester of pregnancy by transabdominal injection of potassium chloride into the fetal heart. The risk of miscarriage seems to be associated with the final number of fetuses. A review of the literature suggests that MFPR results in better pregnancy outcome, regardless of the initial number of fetuses. The reduction to a lower number of fetuses reduces fetal losses, prematurity, infant mortality and morbidity.