[Surgical treatment of post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm: clinical analysis].

Zhonghua yi xue za zhi

PubMedID: 21223813

Chen X, Qiu ZB, Xu M, Jiang YS, Wang LM, SHI HW, Mu XW, Chen XJ, Huang FH, Xiao LQ, Liu PS, Wang R. [Surgical treatment of post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm: clinical analysis]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2010;90(48):3403-6.
OBJECTIVE
To explore the clinical experiences, efficacies and postoperative left ventricular remodeling changes of surgical ventricular reconstruction in the treatment of post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm.

METHODS
The investigators reviewed retrospectively the clinical data, operative approaches and follow-up outcomes of consecutive 194 patients with post-infarction left ventricular aneurysm, who underwent surgical ventricular reconstruction between January 1997 and December 2009. There were 54 cases in the linear group and 137 cases in the endoventricular patch plasty group. The changes of ventricular remodeling were measured by peri-operative and follow-up echocardiography.

RESULTS
All patients underwent surgery with a mean cardiopulmonary bypass duration of (103 ± 35) min and aortic cross clamp duration of (62 ± 26) min. There were 8 per-operative deaths with a mortality rate of 2.2%. Angina pectoris of other cases disappeared and heart function greatly improved. After operation, the ventricular remodeling results showed that in the linear group, there was not significant difference in the changes of ventricular remodeling of post-op 2 weeks, 6 months, 1 year and 5 years versus pre-operation. However, in the endoventricular patch group, the changes of ventricular remodeling of post-op 2 weeks and follow-up 6 months versus pre-operation were significantly reduced (P < 0.05). End-systolic volume (LVESV) reduced from (129 ± 27) ml to (65 ± 8) ml and end-systolic volume index (LVESVI) decreased from (104 ± 14) ml/m(2) to (44 ± 6) ml/m(2) and the subgroup of LVEF < 35% was the most significant in the changes of LVESV and LVESVI. But LVEF improved significantly at post-operation and follow-up (from preoperation 42% ± 11% to 52% ± 7% during follow-up).

CONCLUSIONS
For patients with infarction left ventricular aneurysm, left ventricular reconstruction is quite effective. The choice of operative approaches is determined by the size and range of ventricular aneurysm. Both string suture and endoventricular patch plasty technique can yield similarly satisfactory surgical outcomes. After operation, ventricular volume significantly decreases and cardiac function greatly improves.