Anti-apoptosis Proteins Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL Have Different p53-Binding Profiles.

Biochemistry

PubMedID: 23977882

Yao H, Mi S, Gong W, Lin J, Xu N, Perrett S, Xia B, Wang J, Feng Y. Anti-apoptosis Proteins Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL Have Different p53-Binding Profiles. Biochemistry. 2013;.
One of the transcription-independent mechanisms of the tumor suppressor p53 discovered in recent years involves physical interaction between p53 and proteins of the Bcl-2 family. In this paper, significant differences between the interaction of p53 with Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL were demonstrated by NMR spectroscopy and isothermal titration calorimetry. Bcl-xL was found to bind strongly to the p53 DNA-binding domain (DBD) with a dissociation constant (Kd) of ~600 nM, whereas Mcl-1 binds to the p53 DBD weakly with a dissociation constant in the mM range. In contrast, the p53 transactivation domain (TAD) binds weakly to Bcl-xL with a Kd ~ 300-500 µM and strongly to Mcl-1 with a Kd ~ 10-20 µM. NMR titrations indicate that although the p53 TAD binds to the BH3-binding grooves of both Bcl-xL and Mcl-1, Bcl-xL prefers to bind to the first subdomain (TAD1) in the p53 TAD, and Mcl-1 prefers to bind to the second subdomain (TAD2). Therefore, Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL have different p53-binding profiles. This indicates that the detailed interaction mechanisms are different, although both Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL can mediate transcription-independent cytosolic roles of p53. The revealed differences in binding sites and binding affinities should be considered when BH3 mimetics are used in cancer therapy development.