Effect of ionization on infrared and electronic absorption spectra of methyl and ethyl formate in the gas phase and in astrophysical H2O ice: a computational study.

The journal of physical chemistry. A

PubMedID: 21504217

Naganathappa M, Chaudhari A. Effect of ionization on infrared and electronic absorption spectra of methyl and ethyl formate in the gas phase and in astrophysical H2O ice: a computational study. J Phys Chem A. 2011;115(18):4743-56.
This work reports infrared and electronic absorption spectra of trans and gauche conformers of neutral ethyl formate, trans and cis conformers of neutral methyl formate, their ions in the gas phase, and neutral ethyl and methyl formate in astrophysical H(2)O ice. The second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation (MP2) method with TZVP basis set has been used to obtain ground-state geometries. An influence of ice on vibrational frequencies of neutral ethyl and methyl formate was obtained using integral equation formalism polarizable continnum model (IEFPCM). Significant shift in vibrational frequencies for neutral methyl and ethyl formate when studied in H(2)O ice and upon ionization is observed. Rotational and distortion constants for neutral ethyl and methyl formate from this work are in excellent agreement with the available experimental values. Electronic absorption spectra of conformers of ethyl and methyl formate and their ions are obtained using time-dependent density functional method (TDDFT). The nature of electronic transitions is also identified. We suggested lines especially good to detect these molecules in interstellar medium. Using these lines, we can identify the conformers of ethyl and methyl formate in gas phase and H(2)O ice in interstellar medium. This comparative study should provide useful guidelines to detect conformers of ethyl and methyl formate and their ions in gas phase and neutral molecules in H(2)O ice in different astronomical environment.