Age and gender specific cut-off values to improve the performance of D-dimer assays to predict the risk of venous thromboembolism recurrence.

Internal and emergency medicine

PubMedID: 21584847

Legnani C, Cini M, Cosmi B, Carraro P, Tripodi A, Erba N, Palareti G. Age and gender specific cut-off values to improve the performance of D-dimer assays to predict the risk of venous thromboembolism recurrence. Intern Emerg Med. 2013;8(3):229-36.
The Prolong study shows that continuing vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in patients with abnormal D-dimer (evaluated by a qualitative assay, Clearview Simplify D-dimer) results in a significant reduction of venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence. The present study retrospectively analyzes a subgroup of patients enrolled in the Prolong study with a view to calculate cut-off values for six quantitative D-dimer methods to predict the risk of VTE recurrence. We measured D-dimer levels by VIDAS D-dimer Exclusion (bioMerieux), STA Liatest D-dimer (DiagnosticaStago), HemosIL D-dimer and HemosIL D-dimer HS (Instrumentation Laboratory), Innovance D-dimer (Siemens) and AutoDimer (Trinity Biotech) in frozen plasma aliquots sampled 30 ± 10 days after VKA cessation in 390 patients enrolled in the Prolong study. During follow-up (562.7 years), 28 patients had recurrent VTE (7.2%, 5.0% person-years). Since D-dimer levels are positively correlated with age and significantly lower in men, we calculated method-specific cut-off values according to age and gender. The HRs for VTE recurrence calculated using method-specific cut-off values based on age and gender are higher than those using cut-off values indicated by the manufacturers for VTE exclusion in symptomatic outpatients. These data suggest that method-specific cut-off values calculated according to patient age and gender can be more accurate in identifying patients at a higher risk for VTE recurrence. These method-specific cut-off values are being evaluated in the ongoing prospective management multicenter DULCIS study.