Maxillary sinus floor elevation using BMP-2 and Nell-1 gene-modified bone marrow stromal cells and TCP in rabbits.

Calcified tissue international

PubMedID: 21584647

Xia L, Xu Y, Chang Q, Sun X, Zeng D, Zhang W, Zhang X, Zhang Z, Jiang X. Maxillary sinus floor elevation using BMP-2 and Nell-1 gene-modified bone marrow stromal cells and TCP in rabbits. Calcif Tissue Int. 2011;89(1):53-64.
This study evaluated the synergistic osteogenic effect of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and Nel-like molecule-1 (Nell-1) genes in a rabbit maxillary sinus floor elevation model. Bone marrow stromal cells (bMSCs) were cultured and transduced with AdEGFP, AdNell-1, AdBMP-2, or AdNell-1 + AdBMP-2 overexpression virus. These gene-modified autologous bMSCs were then combined with a ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) granule scaffold and used to elevate the maxillary sinus floor in rabbits. bMSCs cotransduced with AdNell-1 + AdBMP-2 demonstrated a synergistic effect on osteogenic differentiation as detected by real-time PCR analysis on markers of runt-related transcription factor-2, osteocalcin, collagen type 1, alkaline phosphatase activity, and calcium deposits in vitro. As for maxillary sinus floor elevation in a rabbit model in vivo, AdNell-1 + AdBMP-2 gene-transduced autologeous bMSCs/ß-TCP complex had the largest bone area and most mature bone structure among the groups, as detected by HE staining and immunohistochemistry at weeks 2 and 8 after implantation. Our data suggested that the BMP-2 and Nell-1 genes possessed a synergistic effect on osteogenic differentiation of bMSCs, while bMSCs modified with the BMP-2 and Nell-1 genes could promote new bone formation and maturation in the rabbit maxillary sinus model.