NPB001-05 inhibits Bcr-Abl kinase leading to apoptosis of imatinib-resistant cells.

Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition)

PubMedID: 21622134

Wagh V, Chile S, Monahar S, Pal BC, Bandyopadhyay S, Sharma S, Joshi K. NPB001-05 inhibits Bcr-Abl kinase leading to apoptosis of imatinib-resistant cells. Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2011;31273-88.
The deregulated activity of the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase provides a rational basis for the development therapeutics in all phases of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML). Although a well studied imatinib therapy has clinical success against CML, resistance to imatinib due to mutations in the kinase domain, especially T315I poses a major problem for the ultimate success of CML therapy by this agent. Herein we describe an NPB001-05, derived from extract of Piper betle leafs, which is highly active in specifically inhibiting Bcr-Abl expressing cells. NPB001-05 inhibited the proliferation of BaF3 cells ectopically expressing wild type Bcr-Abl phenotype and 12 different imatinib-resistant mutations of clinical relevance (average IC50 5.7 microg/ml). Moreover, NPB001-05 was highly inhibitory to wild type P210(Bcr-Abl) and P210(Bcr-Abl-T315I) kinase activity and abrogated the autophosphorylating enzyme in time- and dose- dependent manner. NPB001-05 was non-toxic on normal cells, but was inhibitory to CML patient derived peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Treatment with NPB001-05 caused apoptosis induction and G0G1 cell cycle arrest in both Bcr-Abl wild type and T315I mutant cell lines.