Developmental patterns of PPAR and RXR gene expression during spermatogenesis.

Frontiers in bioscience (Elite edition)

PubMedID: 21622127

Thomas K, Sung DY, Chen X, Thompson W, Chen YE, McCarrey J, Walker W, Griswold M. Developmental patterns of PPAR and RXR gene expression during spermatogenesis. Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2011;31209-20.
Members of the family of nuclear receptors that include peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs) are important mediators of selective gene activation during development and cellular differentiation. In this study, developmentally-specific PPAR and RXR patterns of expression that occur in somatic and germ cell populations in the testis were determined using quantative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) studies on RNAs that were isolated from StaPut purified mouse germ cells and primary rat Sertoli cells. These qRT-PCR studies indicate that transcripts encoding the PPAR-Alpha (a), -Beta (ß), and -Gamma (?) and RXR -Alpha (a), -Beta (ß), and -Gamma (?) are developmentally expressed in both differentiating germ and Sertoli cells. In further experiments aimed at deciphering the physiological role that PPAR-Gamma (?) plays in Sertoli cells, 15-day primary rat Sertoli cells were infected with recombinant adenoviral vectors containing PPAR-Gamma (?) cDNA and PPAR-Gamma (?) RNAi constructs. Affymetrix microarray analysis and qRT-PCR validation studies using total RNA isolated from these transfected cells indicated that PPAR-Gamma regulates the pattern of expression of key lipid metabolic genes in Sertoli cells.