Prediction of relative tissue proportions in wheat mill streams by fourier transform mid-infrared spectroscopy.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

PubMedID: 21854073

Barron C. Prediction of relative tissue proportions in wheat mill streams by fourier transform mid-infrared spectroscopy. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59(19):10442-7.
Fourier-transform mid-infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was investigated as a method to quantify the relative wheat grain tissue proportion in milling fractions. Spectra were acquired with a FTIR spectrometer equipped with an attenuated total reflectance device on ground samples, and the relative tissue proportion was determined according to the biochemical marker methodology as the reference method. Partial least-squares models were developed independently to predict the amount of outer pericarp, aleurone layer, starchy endosperm, and an intermediate layer (made up of inner pericarp plus seed coat plus nucellar epidermis). Good quality of prediction was obtained regardless of the target tissue. The standard errors of prediction obtained for the outer pericarp, intermediate layer, aleurone layer, and starchy endosperm quantification were, respectively, 3.4, 1.3, 3.4, and 4.6%.