Building a bridge for nursing education and clinical care in Taiwan--using action research and Confucian tradition to close the gap.

Nurse education today

PubMedID: 22480604

Yang WP, Chao CS, Lai WS, Chen CH, Shih YL, Chiu GL. Building a bridge for nursing education and clinical care in Taiwan--using action research and Confucian tradition to close the gap. Nurse Educ Today. 2013;33(3):199-204.
BACKGROUND
Nursing workplaces in Taiwan are unable to retain talent. An examination of this problem has revealed that the causes of this phenomenon are that nursing education fails to cultivate the skills that meet workplace requirements and that there are gap between nursing education and clinical practice.

OBJECTIVES
This paper is an action research that aims is to design educational programs that can close the gap between nursing education and clinical practice in Taiwan.

DESIGN
In this action research project, 4 action cycles were used to design educational programs including concept mapping and focused discussion strategies.

SETTINGS
Participants were invited to join the research in three teaching hospitals and one university.

PARTICIPANTS
Two groups of participants, student nurses (SN) and nursing staff personnel (NS), were sampled and invited to participate in the research.

METHODS
Participant observation, focus groups, and qualitative interviews were used to collect data. Qualitative data were not only profiled by content analysis, but they were also compared continuously between the two groups as well as between the 4 cycles.

RESULTS
The qualitative data collected for the 135 participants were analysed. The themes of an effective nursing program were summarized.

CONCLUSIONS
Many fundamental values of traditional Chinese education have gradually faded due to the Westernization of education. In this study, we discovered that Western educational models may play a critical role in improving traditionally taught nursing education programs.