MicroRNA-513a-5p mediates TNF-a and LPS induced apoptosis via downregulation of X-linked inhibitor of apoptotic protein in endothelial cells.

Biochimie

PubMedID: 22504158

Shin S, Moon KC, Park KU, Ha E. MicroRNA-513a-5p mediates TNF-a and LPS induced apoptosis via downregulation of X-linked inhibitor of apoptotic protein in endothelial cells. Biochimie. 2012;94(6):1431-6.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding small RNAs that have emerged as one of the central players of gene expression regulation. Endothelial cell apoptosis plays a fundamental role in the development of atherosclerosis. This study was designed to determine the effect of miR-513a-5p on apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). HUVECs were treated with tumour necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and miR-513a-5p expression levels were determined. MiR-513a-5p target gene indentification, validation, and signalling pathways were investigated. Treatment of HUVECs with TNF-a and LPS up-regulated miR-513a-5p expressions more than 2-fold compared to control (P < 0.05). Inhibition of miR-513a-5p by antisense (AS) miR-513a-5p reversed TNF-a and LPS induced apoptosis (P < 0.01). Transfection of HUVECs with miR-513a-5p mimics also induced apoptosis (P < 0.01). Treatment of HUVECs with TNF-a and LPS attenuated X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) while increased caspase-3 expression, poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) cleavage, and p53 expression. These effects were reversed by inhibition of miR-513a-5p. Of those miR-513a-5p candidate target genes, we identified and validated XIAP as a miR-513a-5p target gene. Targeting of the XIAP 3'-untranslated region by miR-513a-5p using luciferase reporter assay resulted in attenuated luciferase activity. Transfection of HUVECs with AS miR-513a-5p increased XIAP protein expression while miR-513a-5p mimics attenuated XIAP expression. These results together suggest that miR-513a-5p mediates TNF-a and LPS induced apoptosis via downregulation of XIAP in HUVECs.