Somatomotor mu rhythm amplitude correlates with rigidity during deep brain stimulation in Parkinsonian patients.

Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology

PubMedID: 22513261

Airaksinen K, Butorina A, Pekkonen E, Nurminen J, Taulu S, Ahonen A, Schnitzler A, Mäkelä JP. Somatomotor mu rhythm amplitude correlates with rigidity during deep brain stimulation in Parkinsonian patients. Clin Neurophysiol. 2012;123(10):2010-7.
OBJECTIVE
Parkinsonian patients have abnormal oscillatory activity within the basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuitry. Particularly, excessive beta band oscillations are thought to be associated with akinesia. We studied whether cortical spontaneous activity is modified by deep brain stimulation (DBS) in advanced Parkinson's disease and if the modifications are related to the clinical symptoms.

METHODS
We studied the effects of bilateral electrical stimulation of subthalamic nucleus (STN) on cortical spontaneous activity by magnetoencephalography (MEG) in 11 Parkinsonian patients. The artifacts produced by DBS were suppressed by tSSS algorithm.

RESULTS
During DBS, UPDRS (Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale) rigidity scores correlated with 6-10 Hz and 12-20 Hz somatomotor source strengths when eyes were open. When DBS was off UPDRS action tremor scores correlated with pericentral 6-10 Hz and 21-30 Hz and occipital alpha source strengths when eyes open. Occipital alpha strength decreased during DBS when eyes closed. The peak frequency of occipital alpha rhythm correlated negatively with total UPDRS motor scores and with rigidity subscores, when eyes closed.

CONCLUSION
STN DBS modulates brain oscillations both in alpha and beta bands and these oscillations reflect the clinical condition during DBS.

SIGNIFICANCE
MEG combined with an appropriate artifact rejection method enables studies of DBS effects in Parkinson's disease and presumably also in the other emerging DBS indications.