High-Performance Air-Stable n-Type Carbon Nanotube Transistors with Erbium Contacts.

ACS nano

PubMedID: 24006886

Shahrjerdi D, Franklin AD, Oida S, Ott JA, Tulevski GS, Haensch W. High-Performance Air-Stable n-Type Carbon Nanotube Transistors with Erbium Contacts. ACS Nano. 2013;.
So far, realization of reproducible n-type carbon nanotube (CNT) transistors suitable for integrated digital applications has been a difficult task. In this work, hundreds of n-type CNT transistors from three different low work function metals-erbium, lanthanum, and yttrium-are studied and benchmarked against p-type devices with palladium contacts. The crucial role of metal type and deposition conditions is elucidated with respect to overall yield and performance of the n-type devices. It is found that high oxidation rates and sensitivity to deposition conditions are the major causes for the lower yield and large variation in performance of n-type CNT devices with low work function metal contacts. Considerable improvement in device yield is attained using erbium contacts evaporated at high deposition rates. Furthermore, the air-stability of our n-type transistors is studied in light of the extreme sensitivity of these metals to oxidation.