Dilated cardiomyopathy and ovarian dysgenesis in a patient with Malouf syndrome: A case report.

Molecular medicine reports

PubMedID: 24008991

Gersak K, Strgulc M, Gorjup V, Dolenc-Strazar Z, Jurcic V, Penny DJ, Fan Y. Dilated cardiomyopathy and ovarian dysgenesis in a patient with Malouf syndrome: A case report. Mol Med Rep. 2013;.
Malouf syndrome is a rare congenital disorder involving the heart, genitalia, skin and skeletal characteristics. In the present study, we report on the sporadic case of a young female with dilated cardiomyopathy, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, a small chin, bilateral blepharoptosis, marfanoid elongated fingers and hypothyroidism. Malouf syndrome may be caused by heterozygous mutations in the laminĀ A/C (LMNA) gene. Genetic analyses and autopsy were performed. In spite of the patient's features, sequence analysis of the coding region of the LMNA gene including exon-intron boundaries identified only one benign polymorphism: homozygous silent variant 1698C>T (H566). There is a possibility that the sequence analysis may have not detected intronic mutations or mutations in portions of the 5'- and 3'-untranslated regions, which would confirm the clinical diagnosis.