Temperature-dependent electrical properties of graphene inkjet-printed on flexible materials.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

PubMedID: 22924965

Kong D, Le LT, Li Y, Zunino JL, Lee W. Temperature-dependent electrical properties of graphene inkjet-printed on flexible materials. Langmuir. 2012;28(37):13467-72.
Graphene electrode was fabricated by inkjet printing, as a new means of directly writing and micropatterning the electrode onto flexible polymeric materials. Graphene oxide sheets were dispersed in water and subsequently reduced using an infrared heat lamp at a temperature of ~200 °C in 10 min. Spacing between adjacent ink droplets and the number of printing layers were used to tailor the electrode's electrical sheet resistance as low as 0.3 MO/? and optical transparency as high as 86%. The graphene electrode was found to be stable under mechanical flexing and behave as a negative temperature coefficient (NTC) material, exhibiting rapid electrical resistance decrease with temperature increase. Temperature sensitivity of the graphene electrode was similar to that of conventional NTC materials, but with faster response time by an order of magnitude. This finding suggests the potential use of the inkjet-printed graphene electrode as a writable, very thin, mechanically flexible, and transparent temperature sensor.