Influence of host genetic variation on susceptibility to HIV type 1 infection.

Journal of Infectious Diseases

PubMedID: 15630678

Kaslow RA, Dorak T, Tang JJ. Influence of host genetic variation on susceptibility to HIV type 1 infection. J Infect Dis. 2005;191 Suppl 1S68-77.
For this review of genetic susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection, far more information was available on factors involved in acquisition of the virus by an uninfected "recipient" than on propagation by the infected "donor." Genetic variation presumably alters transmission from an infected host primarily by regulating the replication of virus and the concentration of particles circulating in blood and mucosal secretions of the potential donor. Thus, the effects of host genetic variation on transmission are inextricably bound to the well-established and powerful effects on virus load at different stages of infection. Teasing apart the effects in both donors and recipients has been and will continue to be quite difficult.