Analysis of 15N-1H NMR relaxation in proteins by a combined experimental and molecular dynamics simulation approach: picosecond-nanosecond dynamics of the Rho GTPase binding domain of plexin-B1 in the dimeric state indicates allosteric pathways.

The journal of physical chemistry. B

PubMedID: 23214953

Zerbetto M, Anderson R, Bouguet-Bonnet S, Rech M, Zhang L, Meirovitch E, Polimeno A, Buck M. Analysis of 15N-1H NMR relaxation in proteins by a combined experimental and molecular dynamics simulation approach: picosecond-nanosecond dynamics of the Rho GTPase binding domain of plexin-B1 in the dimeric state indicates allosteric pathways. J Phys Chem B. 2013;117(1):174-84.
We investigate picosecond–nanosecond dynamics of the Rho-GTPase Binding Domain (RBD) of plexin-B1, which plays a key role in plexin-mediated cell signaling. Backbone 15N relaxation data of the dimeric RBD are analyzed with the model-free (MF) method, and with the slowly relaxing local structure/molecular dynamics (SRLS-MD) approach. Independent analysis of the MD trajectories, based on the MF paradigm, is also carried out. MF is a widely popular and simple method, SRLS is a general approach, and SRLS-MD is an integrated approach we developed recently. Corresponding parameters from the RBD dimer, a previously studied RBD monomer mutant, and the previously studied complex of the latter with the GTPase Rac1, are compared. The L2, L3, and L4 loops of the plexin-B1 RBD are involved in interactions with other plexin domains, GTPase binding, and RBD dimerization, respectively. Peptide groups in the loops of both the monomeric and dimeric RBD are found to experience weak and moderately asymmetric local ordering centered approximately at the C(i–1)(a)–C(i)(a) axes, and nanosecond backbone motion. Peptide groups in the a-helices and the ß-strands of the dimer (the ß-strands of the monomer) experience strong and highly asymmetric local ordering centered approximately at the C(i–1)(a)–C(i)(a) axes (N–H bonds). N–H fluctuations occur on the picosecond time scale. An allosteric pathway for GTPase binding, providing new insights into plexin function, is delineated.