Drosophila bestrophin-1 currents are regulated by phosphorylation via a CaMKII dependent mechanism.

PloS one

PubMedID: 23554946

Duran C, Chien LT, Hartzell HC. Drosophila bestrophin-1 currents are regulated by phosphorylation via a CaMKII dependent mechanism. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(3):e58875.
Cell swelling induced by hypo-osmotic stress results in activation of volume-regulated anion channels (VRAC) that drive a compensatory regulatory volume decrease. We have previously shown that the Best1 gene in Drosophila encodes a VRAC that is also activated by increases in intracellular Ca(2+). The role of Best1 as a VRAC has recently been independently confirmed by the Clapham lab in an unbiased RNAi screen. Although dBest1 is clearly a volume-regulated channel, its mechanisms of regulation remain unknown. Here we investigate Drosophila Best1 (dBest1) regulation using the Drosophila S2 cell model system. Because dBest1 activates slowly after establishing whole-cell recording, we tested the hypothesis that the channel is activated by phosphorylation. Two experiments indicate that phosphorylation is required for dBest1 activation: nonspecific protein kinase inhibitors or intracellular perfusion with the non-hydrolyzable ATP analog AMP-PNP dramatically reduce the amplitude of dBest1 currents. Furthermore, intracellular perfusion with ATP-?-S augments channel activation. The kinase responsible for dBest1 activation is likely Ca(2+)/calmodulin dependent kinase II (CaMKII), because specific inhibitors of this kinase dramatically inhibit dBest1 current activation. Neither specific PKA inhibitors nor inactive control inhibitors have effects on dBest1currents. Our results demonstrate that dBest1 currents are regulated by phosphorylation via a CaMKII dependent mechanism.