PTB-associated splicing factor (PSF) is a PPAR?-binding protein and growth regulator of colon cancer cells.

PloS one

PubMedID: 23516550

Tsukahara T, Haniu H, Matsuda Y. PTB-associated splicing factor (PSF) is a PPAR?-binding protein and growth regulator of colon cancer cells. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(3):e58749.
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR?) is a nuclear receptor that plays an essential role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and inflammation. It is over-expressed in many types of cancer, including colon, stomach, breast, and lung cancer, suggesting that regulation of PPAR? might affect cancer pathogenesis. Here, using a proteomic approach, we identify PTB-associated splicing factor (PSF) as a novel PPAR?-interacting protein and demonstrate that PSF is involved in several important regulatory steps of colon cancer cell proliferation. To investigate the relationship between PSF and PPAR? in colon cancer, we evaluated the effects of PSF expression in DLD-1 and HT-29 colon cancer cell lines, which express low and high levels of PPAR?, respectively PSF affected the ability of PPAR? to bind, and expression of PSF siRNA significantly suppressed the proliferation of colon cancer cells. Furthermore, PSF knockdown induced apoptosis via activation of caspase-3. Interestingly, DLD-1 cells were more susceptible to PSF knockdown-induced cell death than HT-29 cells. Our data suggest that PSF is an important regulator of cell death that plays critical roles in the survival and growth of colon cancer cells. The PSF-PPAR? axis may play a role in the control of colorectal carcinogenesis. Taken together, this study is the first to describe the effects of PSF on cell proliferation, tumor growth, and cell signaling associated with PPAR?.