Oligosubstituted pyrroles directly from substituted methyl isocyanides and acetylenes.

Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany)

PubMedID: 19025729

Lygin AV, Larionov OV, Korotkov VS, de Meijere A. Oligosubstituted pyrroles directly from substituted methyl isocyanides and acetylenes. Chemistry. 2008;15(1):227-36.
The formal cycloaddition of alpha-metallated methyl isocyanides 1 onto the triple bond of electron-deficient acetylenes 2 represents a direct and convenient approach to oligosubstituted pyrroles 3. The scope and limitations of this reaction (24 examples, 25-97% yield) are reported along with an optimization of the reaction conditions and a rationalization of the mechanism. In addition, a related newly developed Cu(I)-mediated synthesis of 2,3-disubstituted pyrroles by the reaction of copper acetylides derived from unactivated terminal alkynes with substituted methyl isocyanides is described (11 examples, 5-88% yield).