Sub-diffraction limited imaging with fluorophores exhibiting emission depletion upon saturation.

Optics express

PubMedID: 19158912

Avidan A, Oron D. Sub-diffraction limited imaging with fluorophores exhibiting emission depletion upon saturation. Opt Express. 2009;17(2):963-9.
We present a simplified single-beam scheme for depletionbased sub-diffraction-limited imaging which allows for less restrictive illumination conditions. This is done by introducing the concept of flu-orophores exhibiting emission depletion upon saturation. We discuss the circumstances under which such a depletion based process is possible, and derive the scaling of the spatial resolution utilizing this scheme. Next, we analyze the proper illumination conditions both in space and time required for sub diffraction limited imaging, and show that it is applicable only under pulsed excitation. Finally, our scheme's advantages and shortcomings relative to alternative realizations of depletion-based sub-diffraction-limited microscopy are discussed.