Comparison of two mycophenolate mofetil dosing regimens after hematopoietic cell transplantation.

Bone marrow transplantation

PubMedID: 19151792

Jacobson P, El-Massah SF, Rogosheske J, Kerr A, Long-Boyle J, DeFor T, Jennissen C, Brunstein C, Wagner J, Tomblyn M, Weisdorf D. Comparison of two mycophenolate mofetil dosing regimens after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2009;44(2):113-20.
Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is the active component of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). Low MPA exposure is associated with a higher incidence of acute GVHD and possibly worse engraftment. Therapeutic plasma targets have been proposed in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), however, are difficult to achieve in adult patients with MMF doses of 2 g/day. Mycophenolate pharmacokinetics was prospectively studied in adults undergoing nonmyeloablative HCT who received MMF 3 g/day with CYA. The first 15 individuals received 1.5 g every 12 h and the second 15 received 1 g every 8 h. Sampling was performed in each patient with i.v. and oral administration. There were no differences in total or unbound MPA 24-h cumulative area under the curves (AUCs), concentrations at steady state (Css) or troughs between the two dosing regimens (all P>0.01). The previously proposed total MPA Css target of 3 microg/ml and trough >or=1 micro/ml were achieved in only 13-27% and 20-53% of patients, respectively, on 3 g/day. However, the 3 g/day regimens readily achieved satisfactory unbound 24-h cumulative AUC targets of 0.600 microg(*)h/ml in 87-100% of subjects. There appears to be no significant difference in daily MPA exposure when MMF of 3 g/day is divided into two or three equal doses.