Coupled-mode analysis of Bragg-reflection filters based on asymmetric nonlinear dual-core fibers.

Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision

PubMedID: 19252647

Chan FY, Yasumoto K, Shum P. Coupled-mode analysis of Bragg-reflection filters based on asymmetric nonlinear dual-core fibers. J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2009;26(3):489-96.
We demonstrate a Bragg-reflection grating coupler using a nonlinear dual-core fiber with a long-period grating (LPG) and a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) inscribed in different cores. The LPG couples light from the primary core to the cladding, while the FBG operating in reflection acts to drop the channel from the secondary core. The coupler is nonreflective along the launching core. Theoretical analysis of this structure demonstrates a design for obtaining a flat-top bandpass filter with high reflectivity, steep band transitions, and negligible sidelobes. By launching an intense pump beam into the individual cores, a switchable and a wavelength tunable passband can be achieved. The results demonstrate the usefulness of the device as a grating-based all-optical element.