Crossing barriers: infections of the lung and the gut.

Mucosal immunology

PubMedID: 19129753

Openshaw PJ. Crossing barriers: infections of the lung and the gut. Mucosal Immunol. 2009;2(2):100-2.
Although known as respiratory pathogens, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and its sister coronaviruses frequently cause enteric symptoms. In addition, other classically non-enteric viruses (such as HIV and influenza) may also have enteric effects that are crucial in their pathogeneses. These effects can be due to direct infection of the gut mucosa, but can also be because of decreased antibacterial defenses, increased mucosal permeability, bacterial translocation, and systemic leak of endotoxin.