Heavy metals uptake by sonicated activated sludge: relation with floc surface properties.

Journal of hazardous materials

PubMedID: 18584956

Laurent J, Casellas M, Dagot C. Heavy metals uptake by sonicated activated sludge: relation with floc surface properties. J Hazard Mater. 2009;162(2-3):652-60.
The effects of sonication of activated sludge on heavy metal uptake were in a first time investigated in respect with potential modifications of floc surface properties. The treatment led to the simultaneous increase of specific surface area and of the availability of negative and/or hydrophilic sites. In parallel, organic matter was released in the soluble fraction. Sorption isotherms of cadmium and copper showed that uptake characteristics and mechanisms were highly dependent on both heavy metal species and specific energy supplied. The increase of both specific surface area and fixation sites availability led to the increase of Cd(II) uptake. For Cu(II), organic matter released in soluble phase during the treatment seemed to act as a ligand and to limit adsorption on flocs surface. Three different heavy metals uptake mechanisms have been identified: proton exchange, ion exchange and (co)precipitation.