Calculations of dose distributions in the lungs of a rat model irradiated in the thermal column of the TRIGA reactor in Pavia.

Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine

PubMedID: 19406647

Protti N, Bortolussi S, Stella S, Gadan MA, de Bari A, Ballarini F, Bruschi P, Ferrari C, Clerici AM, Zonta C, Bakeine JG, Dionigi P, Zonta A, Altieri S. Calculations of dose distributions in the lungs of a rat model irradiated in the thermal column of the TRIGA reactor in Pavia. Appl Radiat Isot. 2009;67(7-8 Suppl):S210-3.
To test the possibility to apply boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) to lung tumors, some rats are planned to be irradiated in the thermal column of the TRIGA reactor of the University of Pavia. Before the irradiation, lung metastases will be induced in BDIX rats, which will be subsequently infused with boronophenylalanine (BPA). During the irradiation, the rats will be positioned in a box designed to shield the whole animal except the thorax area. In order to optimize the irradiation set-up and to design a suitable shielding box, a set of calculations were performed with the MCNP Monte Carlo transport code. A rat model was constructed using the MCNP geometry capabilities and was positioned in a box with walls filled with lithium carbonate. A window was opened in front of the lung region. Different shapes of the holder and of the window were tested and analyzed in terms of the dose distribution obtained in the lungs and of the dose absorbed by the radiosensitive organs in the rat. The best configuration of the holder ensures an almost uniform thermal neutron flux inside the lungs (Phi(max)/Phi(min)=1.5), an irradiation time about 10 min long, to deliver at least 40 Gy(w) to the tumor, a mean lung dose of 5.9+/-0.4 Gy(w), and doses absorbed by all the other healthy tissues below the tolerance limits.