Value transmissions between fathers, mothers, and adolescent and emerging adult children: the role of the family climate.

Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)

PubMedID: 19364209

Roest AM, Dubas JS, Gerris JR. Value transmissions between fathers, mothers, and adolescent and emerging adult children: the role of the family climate. J Fam Psychol. 2009;23(2):146-55.
Using structural equation modeling, this study investigates father-child, mother-child, and father-mother transmissions on "work-as-duty" and "hedonism" across a 5-year period when children traverse late adolescence and emerging adulthood (N = 402 families). We found bidirectional father-child and child-to-mother transmissions on work-as-duty and child-to-father and bidirectional father-mother transmissions on hedonism. In addition, we examined whether family adaptability and cohesion influence these value transmissions. Father-to-child transmission on work-as-duty occurred regardless of family system levels, whereas child-to-parent transmissions on work-as-duty occurred only within more structured families. Furthermore, a more connected family climate tended to facilitate inter- and intragenerational value transmissions, but multiple-group analyses did not reveal strong evidence. All in all, this study showed that value socialization in the family is not a one-way-traffic process with parents solely influencing their children. Late adolescents and emerging adults also serve to socialize their parents and parents socialize each other.