Elaborate Ligand-Based Modeling Coupled with Multiple Linear Regression and K Nearest Neighbor QSAR Analyses Unveiled New Nanomolar mTOR Inhibitors.

Journal of chemical information and modeling

PubMedID: 24050502

Khanfar MA, Taha MO. Elaborate Ligand-Based Modeling Coupled with Multiple Linear Regression and K Nearest Neighbor QSAR Analyses Unveiled New Nanomolar mTOR Inhibitors. J Chem Inf Model. 2013;.
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has important role in cell growth, proliferation, and survival. mTOR is frequently hyperactivated in cancer, and therefore, it is clinically validated target for cancer therapy. In this study, we combined exhaustive pharmacophore modeling and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis to explore the structural requirements for potent mTOR inhibitors employing 210 known mTOR ligands. Genetic function algorithm (GFA) coupled with k nearest neighbor (kNN) and multiple linear regression (MLR) analyses were employed to build self-consistent and predictive QSAR models based on optimal combinations of pharmacophores and physicochemical descriptors. Successful pharmacophores were complemented with exclusion spheres to optimize their receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) profiles. Optimal QSAR models and their associated pharmacophore hypotheses were validated by identification and experimental evaluation of several new promising mTOR inhibitory leads retrieved from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) structural database. The most potent hit illustrated IC50 value of 48 nM.