Effect of the Schiff base complex diaqua-(N-salicylidene-l-glutamato)copper(II) monohydrate on human tumor cells.

European journal of pharmacology

PubMedID: 24113525

Konarikova K, Andrezalova L, Rapta P, Slovakova M, Durackova Z, Laubertova L, Gbelcova H, Danisovic L, Bohmer D, Ruml T, Sveda M, Zitnanova I. Effect of the Schiff base complex diaqua-(N-salicylidene-l-glutamato)copper(II) monohydrate on human tumor cells. Eur J Pharmacol. 2013;.
The aim of our study was to estimate cytostatic/cytotoxic activity of the copper(II) Schiff base complex of the composition [Cu(N-salicylidene-l-glutamato)(H2O)2]·H2O, further Cu(SG-L)H2O, against human colon carcinoma cell line HT-29, as well as to determine type of cell death and to find out the molecular mechanism of apoptosis induced by this complex. Two highest concentrations (50, 100µmol/l) of the complex showed a strong cytotoxic activity against human colon carcinoma cells HT-29 after 72h of influence. Other concentrations had a cytostatic activity. Unchelated copper(II) ions and free ligands had no effect on the cell growth. Cu(SG-L)H2O preferentially reduced cancer cell viability compared to healthy cells (NIH-3T3). Cu(SG-L)H2O induced apoptosis of cells HT-29 at all concentrations used (1-100µmol/l) after 48h of influence. Apoptosis was carried out by the mitochondrial pathway with active caspases 3 and 9. By the spin-trapping technique combined with electron paramagnetic resonance we found that our complex is photochemically stable in aqueous systems and does not exhibit radical-scavenging activity when 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) cation radical was used as an oxidant. The complex exhibits a strong prooxidant property in the initial stages of thermal decomposition of K2S2O8 in water solutions leading to the massive production of (·)OH radicals. Therefore, this complex could strongly participate in anticancer action via a free radical mechanism.