Sequential application of a cytotoxic nanoparticle and a PI3K inhibitor enhances antitumor efficacy.

Cancer Research

PubMedID: 24121494

Pandey A, Kulkarni A, Roy B, Goldman A, Sarangi S, Sengupta P, Phipps C, Kopparam J, Oh M, Basu S, Kohandel M, Sengupta S. Sequential application of a cytotoxic nanoparticle and a PI3K inhibitor enhances antitumor efficacy. Cancer Res. 2014;74(3):675-85.
Nanomedicines that preferentially deploy cytotoxic agents to tumors, and molecular targeted therapeutics that inhibit specific aberrant oncogenic drivers are emerging as the new paradigm for the management of cancer. While combination therapies are a mainstay of cancer chemotherapy, few studies have addressed the combination of nanomedicines and molecular targeted therapeutics. Furthermore, limited knowledge exists on the impact of sequencing of such therapeutics and nanomedicines on the antitumor outcome. Here we engineered a supramolecular cis-platinum nanoparticle, which induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells but also elicited pro-survival signaling via an epidermal growth factor receptor-phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) pathway. A combination of mathematical modeling and in vitro and in vivo validation using a pharmacological inhibitor of PI3K, PI828, demonstrate that administration of PI828 following treatment with the supramolecular cis-platinum nanoparticle results in enhanced antitumor efficacy in breast cancer as compared with when the sequence is reversed or when the two treatments are administered simultaneously. This study addresses, for the first time, the impact of drug sequencing in the case of a combination of a nanomedicine and a targeted therapeutic. Furthermore, our results indicate that a rational combination of cis-platinum nanoparticles and a PI3K-targeted therapeutic can emerge as a potential therapy for breast cancer.