Measurement errors in multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analyzers with and without impedance electrode mismatch.

Physiological measurement

PubMedID: 19491458

Bogónez-Franco P, Nescolarde L, Bragós R, Rosell-Ferrer J, Yandiola I. Measurement errors in multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analyzers with and without impedance electrode mismatch. Physiol Meas. 2009;30(7):573-87.
The purpose of this study is to compare measurement errors in two commercially available multi-frequency bioimpedance analyzers, a Xitron 4000B and an ImpediMed SFB7, including electrode impedance mismatch. The comparison was made using resistive electrical models and in ten human volunteers. We used three different electrical models simulating three different body segments: the right-side, leg and thorax. In the electrical models, we tested the effect of the capacitive coupling of the patient to ground and the skin-electrode impedance mismatch. Results showed that both sets of equipment are optimized for right-side measurements and for moderate skin-electrode impedance mismatch. In right-side measurements with mismatch electrode, 4000B is more accurate than SFB7. When an electrode impedance mismatch was simulated, errors increased in both bioimpedance analyzers and the effect of the mismatch in the voltage detection leads was greater than that in current injection leads. For segments with lower impedance as the leg and thorax, SFB7 is more accurate than 4000B and also shows less dependence on electrode mismatch. In both devices, impedance measurements were not significantly affected (p > 0.05) by the capacitive coupling to ground.