Expression of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) from genotypes A, D and F and influence of amino acid variations related or not to genotypes on HBsAg detection.

The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases

PubMedID: 20231988

Araujo NM, Vianna CO, Moraes MT, Gomes SA. Expression of Hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) from genotypes A, D and F and influence of amino acid variations related or not to genotypes on HBsAg detection. Braz J Infect Dis. 2009;13(4):266-71.
The impact of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes on the sensitivity of surface antigen (HBsAg) detection assays has been poorly investigated. Here, plasmids carrying consensus or variant coding sequences for HBV surface proteins from genotypes A, D and F, were constructed. HBsAg levels were evaluated in medium and extracts of transfected CHO cells by a commercial polyclonal-based assay. We show that HBsAg detection values of consensus forms from genotypes D and F were, respectively, 37% and 30% lower than those obtained by genotype A. However, the presence of two single variations, T143M in genotype A, and T125M in genotype D, produced a decrease of 44% and an increase of 34%, respectively, on HBsAg mean values in comparison with their consensus forms. In conclusion, HBsAg detection levels varied among HBV genotypes. However, unique amino acid substitutions not linked to genotypes, such as T125M and T143M described here, should have more implications in HBV immunological diagnostics than the set of variations characteristic of each HBV genotype.