Analysis of non-ketoic steroids 17alpha-methylepithiostanol and desoxymethyl- testosterone in dietary supplements.

Drug testing and analysis

PubMedID: 20355167

Okano M, Sato M, Ikekita A, Kageyama S. Analysis of non-ketoic steroids 17alpha-methylepithiostanol and desoxymethyl- testosterone in dietary supplements. Drug Test Anal. 2009;1(11-12):518-25.
Dietary supplements containing 17alpha-methyl-2,3-epithio-5alpha-androstane-17beta-ol (17alpha-methylepithiostanol), which is a 17-methylated analogue of epithiostanol or a prodrug of desoxymethyltestosterone (17alpha-methyl-5alpha-androst-2-en-17beta-ol), have recently appeared on the Internet. 17alpha-Methylepithiostanol and desoxymethyltestosterone are classified as prohibited substances on the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) list. Two preparations, EPISTANE and P-PLEX, were obtained from the Internet so that their contents could be investigated. This study involved gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) analysis after trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatization, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) in atmospheric pressure photoionization (APPI) mode and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Analysis using LC/MS in APPI mode would be a useful tool for detecting heat-labile and non-polar steroids.Although the labelling of EPISTANE indicates that it contains 17alpha-methyl-2alpha, 3alpha-epithio-5alpha-androstane-17beta-ol only, 17alpha-methyl-2beta,3beta-epithio-5alpha-androstane-17beta-ol and desoxymethyltestosterone were identified in the supplement. The results showed that P-PLEX contained desoxymethyltestosterone and its isomer 17alpha-methyl-5alpha-androst-3-en-17beta-ol. Urine samples can be screened after EPISTANE or P-PLEX administration using the normal screening procedure for anabolic steroids with GC/MS.