Diagnostic and therapeutic management of Churg-Strauss syndrome.

Expert review of clinical immunology

PubMedID: 20477699

Holle JU, Moosig F, Gross WL. Diagnostic and therapeutic management of Churg-Strauss syndrome. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2009;5(6):813-23.
Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare small-vessel vasculitis that is associated with asthma, granulomatous inflammation, peripheral/tissue eosinophilia and a positive antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody status (in approximately 40% of patients). The disease can be organ- and life-threatening, either due to tissue eosinophil infiltration such as myocarditis or due to vasculitis manifestations, for example glomerulonephritis. Furthermore, life-threatening disease can also occur due to the side effects of immunosuppression, for example, infection. A thorough diagnostic work-up should be performed in order to identify all organs involved and to rule out other disorders with similar features, such as hypereosinophilic syndrome. Therapeutic management is conducted according to disease stage and activity. Glucocorticoids remain the mainstay of therapy; however, further immunosuppressants (e.g., cyclophosphamide for life-threatening disease) are usually required. Future promising therapy options target cytokines involved in the disease process, such as IL-5.