Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Bupleurum montanum and B. plantagineum.

Natural product communications

PubMedID: 19968000

Laouer H, Hirèche-Adjal Y, Prado S, Boulaacheb N, Akkal S, Singh G, Singh P, Isidorov VA, Szczepaniak L. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Bupleurum montanum and B. plantagineum. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4(11):1605-10.
The hydrodistilled oils from the aerial parts of Bupleurum montanum and B. plantagineum, which are endemic to North Africa, including Algeria, were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Ninety-eight compounds were detected in the oil of B. montanum, representing 98.6% of the total oil, and 68 in the oil of B. plantagineum, representing 99.8% of the total. Megastigma-4,6-(E),8(2)-triene was the major constituent of B. montana oil (25.3%). Other important compounds were myrcene, alpha-pinene and benzyl tiglate. Conversely, the major constituents of the oil of B. plantagineum were alpha-pinene (31.9%), cis-chrysanthenyl acetate (28.2%), and myrcene (24.8%), followed by the monoterpene hydrocarbon limonene (5.1%). The mutagenic, antiplasmodial and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils were individually evaluated against eleven microorganisms, using the agar diffusion method, by determination of MIC values. The investigated oils exhibited moderate antimicrobial activity. Maximum activity of the oils was observed against Nocardia asteroides, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis. Fungicidal activity against Candida albicans was also found for both oils.