Cytotoxic activity of seco-entkaurenes from Croton caracasana on human cancer cell lines.

Natural product communications

PubMedID: 19967987

Suárez AI, Chavez K, Mateu E, Compagnone RS, Muñoz A, Sojo F, Arvelo F, Mijares M, de Sanctis JB. Cytotoxic activity of seco-entkaurenes from Croton caracasana on human cancer cell lines. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4(11):1547-50.
In the course of searching for bioactive compounds from Croton species from Venezuela, two seco-entkaurenes isolated from flowers of Croton caracasana were evaluated in vitro for their effect on cell viability by the standard MTT assay in nine human cancer cell lines of different origins and one primary culture. Both compounds induced cytotoxicity in the range of 2 to 25 microM for caracasine and 0.8 to 12 microM for caracasine acid. However, for the normal fibroblasts and the cell lines, HeLa, MCF-7, PC-3, LoVo, X-17, Jurkat E6.1 and Jurkat JCaM1.6, the IC50 values of caracasine acid were lower than their counterparts. Interestingly, no differences in IC50 were recorded for the leukemic cell lines U937 and K562. It can be concluded that the acid moiety in the structure enhances the cytotoxic effect of caracasine by a pathway which seems not to be activated in the leukemic cell lines tested.