LbL fabricated poly(styrene sulfonate)/TiO(2) multilayer thin films for environmental applications.

ACS applied materials & interfaces

PubMedID: 20356143

Priya DN, Modak JM, Raichur AM. LbL fabricated poly(styrene sulfonate)/TiO(2) multilayer thin films for environmental applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2009;1(11):2684-93.
Fabrication of multilayer ultrathin composite films composed of nanosized titanium dioxide particles (P25, Degussa) and polyelectrolytes (PELs), such as poly(allyl amine hydrochloride) (PAH) and poly(styrene sulfonate sodium salt) (PSS), on glass substrates using the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly technique and its potential application for the photodegradation of rhodamine B under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation has been reported. The polyelectrolytes and TiO(2) were deposited on glass substrates at pH 2.5 and the growth of the multilayers was studied using UV/vis spectrophotometer. Thickness measurements of the films showed a linear increase in film thickness with increase in number of bilayers. The surface microstructure of the thin films was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope. The ability of the catalysts immobilized by this technique was compared with TiO(2) films prepared by drop casting and spin coating methods. Comparison has been made in terms of film stability and photodegradation of rhodamine B. Process variables such as the effect of surface area of the multilayers, number of bilayers, and initial dye concentration on photodegradation of rhodamine B were studied. Degradation efficiency increased with increase in number of catalysts (total surface area) and bilayers. Kinetics analysis indicated that the photodegradation rates follow first order kinetics. Under maximum loading of TiO(2), with five catalyst slides having 20 bilayers of polyelectrolyte/TiO(2) on each, 100 mL of 10 mg/L dye solution could be degraded completely in 4 h. The same slides could be reused with the same efficiency for several cycles. This study demonstrates that nanoparticles can be used in wastewater treatment using a simple immobilization technique. This makes the process an attractive option for scale up.