Surface chemical modification of poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based biomimetic materials: oil-repellent surfaces.

ACS applied materials & interfaces

PubMedID: 20356137

Ghosh N, Bajoria A, Vaidya AA. Surface chemical modification of poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based biomimetic materials: oil-repellent surfaces. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2009;1(11):2636-44.
The oil-repellent performance of a poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based biomimetic replica (PDMS-replica) was tuned by modifying its surface chemical composition. PDMS-replica possessing a complementary combination of hierarchical roughness and mixed -CF(3) and -SiCH(3) terminal functionality was prepared in the presence of a surface-modifying agent, using nanocasting based on soft lithography. PDMS-replica showed superhydrophobicity and enhanced oil repellency, theta(oil) approximately 86 degrees . PDMS-replica was further modified with silica nanoparticles followed by chemical vapor deposition of (heptadecafluoro-1,1,2,2-tetrahydrodecyl)trichlorosilane. The -CF(3) terminal, silica-modified PDMS-replica (i.e., PDMS-replica(silica/CF(3))) showed both superhydrophobic and high oil-repellent properties (advancing theta(oil) approximately 120 degrees ). During the process of each chemical transformation, the surface pattern present on PDMS-replica was preserved and monitored using scanning electron microscopy. Surface chemical compositions of PDMS-replica and PDMS-replica(silica/CF(3)) were determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Understanding the extent of adhesion on a biomimetic replica possessing different surface chemical compositions and roughness would provide fundamental information for various applications.