Facile catalytic combustion of rice husk and burning temperature dependence of the ashes.

ACS applied materials & interfaces

PubMedID: 20356121

Xiong L, Sekiya EH, Wada S, Saito K. Facile catalytic combustion of rice husk and burning temperature dependence of the ashes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2009;1(11):2509-18.
In this work, it was discovered and demonstrated that the combustion of rice husk is a catalytic process by the thermoanalytical technique. The catalyst involves the oxides of such transition metals as Mn, Fe, and Cu, which are mainly formed in the initial stage of rice husk combustion and remain in the rice husk ash as an impurity. Mn(2+) ions of various concentrations were reloaded into the HCl-washed husk for cocombustion. As a result, the complete combustion temperature of the husk was decreased exponentially depending on the Mn(2+) concentration. By the facile Mn loading technique using a 0.5 M solution, the combustion temperature can be decreased by approximately 100 degrees C, and the resulting ashes themselves can be a good catalyst in the complete combustion of many other organic compounds. The physicochemical properties and amorphous structure of the ashes from both the raw and HCl-washed husks were found to be strongly dependent on the burning temperature. A decreased complete rice husk combustion temperature can be beneficial in preparing porous amorphous silica with high surface area, high densification, and small Si-O-Si band angles.