Inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) profiling in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) implicates increased XIAP in T lymphocytes.

Journal of neuroimmunology

PubMedID: 18055022

Moore CS, Hebb AL, Robertson GS. Inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) profiling in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) implicates increased XIAP in T lymphocytes. J Neuroimmunol. 2008;193(1-2):94-105.
In multiple sclerosis (MS) and its widely accepted animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), the failure of autoreactive immune cells to undergo apoptosis is thought to contribute to CNS tissue damage and disease progression. Promoting apoptosis of myelin-reactive immune cells in diseases such as MS, may delay disease progression and decrease the frequency and severity of relapses. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) is a potent anti-apoptotic protein that inhibits intrinsic, extrinsic, and c-Jun amino-terminal kinase mediated apoptosis and was the only member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family upregulated in whole blood from EAE mice. Similar increases in XIAP were also observed in both peripheral and encephalitogenic T lymphocytes. Increased XIAP expression in T cells within areas of demyelination in the CNS suggests that XIAP may be enhancing cell survival and thereby contributing to disease pathology.