Selenomethionine reduces visual deficits due to developmental methylmercury exposures.

Physiology & behavior

PubMedID: 17905328

Weber DN, Connaughton VP, Dellinger JA, Klemer D, Udvadia A, Carvan MJ. Selenomethionine reduces visual deficits due to developmental methylmercury exposures. Physiol Behav. 2008;93(1-2):250-60.
Developmental exposures to methylmercury (MeHg) have life-long behavioral effects. Many micronutrients, including selenium, are involved in cellular defenses against oxidative stress and may reduce the severity of MeHg-induced deficits. Zebrafish embryos (<4 h post fertilization, hpf) were exposed to combinations of 0.0-0.30 microM MeHg and/or selenomethionine (SeMet) until 24 hpf then placed in clean medium. Fish were tested as adults under low light conditions ( approximately 60 microW/m(2)) for visual responses to a rotating black bar. Dose-dependent responses to MeHg exposure were evident (ANOVA, P<0.001) as evidenced by reduced responsiveness, whereas SeMet did not induce deficits except at 0.3 microM. Ratios of SeMet:MeHg of 1:1 or 1:3 resulted in responses that were indistinguishable from controls (ANOVA, P<0.001). No gross histopathologies were observed (H&E stain) in the retina or optic tectum at any MeHg concentration. Whole-cell, voltage-gated, depolarization-elicited outward K(+) currents of bipolar cells in intact retina of slices adult zebrafish were recorded and outward K(+) current amplitude was larger in bipolar cells of MeHg-treated fish. This was due to the intense response of cells expressing the delayed rectifying I(K) current; cells expressing the transient I(A) current displayed a slight trend for smaller amplitude among MeHg-treated fish. Developmental co-exposure to SeMet reduced but did not eliminate the increase in the MeHg-induced I(K) response, however, I(A) responses increased significantly over MeHg-treated fish to match control levels. Electrophysiological deficits parallel behavioral patterns in MeHg-treated fish, i.e., initial reactions to the rotating bar were followed by periods of inactivity and then a resumption of responses.