Stimulus-artifact elimination in a multi-electrode system.

IEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems

PubMedID: 23852629

Brown EA, Ross JD, Blum RA, Yoonkey Nam , Wheeler BC, Deweerth SP. Stimulus-artifact elimination in a multi-electrode system. IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst. 2008;2(1):10-21.
To fully exploit the recording capabilities provided by current and future generations of multi-electrode arrays, some means to eliminate the residual charge and subsequent artifacts generated by stimulation protocols is required. Custom electronics can be used to achieve such goals, and by making them scalable, a large number of electrodes can be accessed in an experiment. In this work, we present a system built around a custom 16-channel IC that can stimulate and record, within 3 ms of the stimulus, on the stimulating channel, and within 500 mus on adjacent channels. This effectiveness is achieved by directly discharging the electrode through a novel feedback scheme, and by shaping such feedback to optimize electrode behavior. We characterize the different features of the system that makes such performance possible and present biological data that show the system in operation. To enable this characterization, we present a framework for measuring, classifying, and understanding the multiple sources of stimulus artifacts. This framework facilitates comparisons between artifact elimination methodologies and enables future artifact studies.