Zero kinetic energy photoelectron spectroscopy of tetracene using laser desorption for vaporization.

The Journal of chemical physics

PubMedID: 18345882

Zhang J, Pei L, Kong W. Zero kinetic energy photoelectron spectroscopy of tetracene using laser desorption for vaporization. J Chem Phys. 2008;128(10):104301.
Far infrared (FIR) spectroscopy of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is of particular interest to astrophysics since vibrational modes in this range are representative of the molecular size and shape. This information is hence important for identification of chemical compositions and for modeling of the IR spectrum observed in the outer space. In this work, we report neutral and cation FIR spectroscopy of tetracene vaporized from a laser desorption source. Results from two-color resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization and two-color zero kinetic energy photoelectron spectroscopy will be presented. Several skeletal vibrational modes of the first electronically excited state of the neutral species and those of the cation are assigned, with the aid of ab initio and density functional calculations. The adiabatic ionization potential is determined to be 55 918 +/- 7 cm(-1). Interestingly, all observed vibrational modes can be rationalized based on a simple Huckle calculation, i.e., by observing the addition or elimination of nodal planes due to electronic excitation and/or ionization. Limited by the Franck-Condon principle and the rigidity of the molecular frame of tetracene, only IR forbidden modes are observed in this work.