Aggressiveness of cancer-care near the end-of-life in Korea.

Japanese journal of clinical oncology

PubMedID: 18411260

Keam B, Oh DY, Lee SH, Kim DW, Kim MR, Im SA, Kim TY, Bang YJ, Heo DS. Aggressiveness of cancer-care near the end-of-life in Korea. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2008;38(5):381-6.
OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study was to examine the appropriateness of chemotherapy and care in Korean cancer patients near the end-of-life.

METHODS
We designed a retrospective cohort composed of patients diagnosed as having metastatic cancer and who received palliative chemotherapy at Seoul National University Hospital in 2002. Two hundred and ninety-eight patients who died of cancer were evaluated in terms of the appropriateness of the cancer-care they received, including chemotherapy.

RESULTS
Median duration of chemotherapy was 6.02 months compared with 8.67 months for median overall survival. The median period between last chemotherapy and death was 2.02 months. Of the 298 patients, 50.3% received chemotherapy during the last 2 months of life. Furthermore, 17 patients (5.7%) died within 2 weeks after receiving chemotherapy. The proportion who visited an emergency room (ER) more than once during the last months of life was 33.6%, and the average number of ER visits after a diagnosis of cancer was 1.72. Only 9.1% of patients were referred to a hospice consultation service and only 11.7% of patients agreed with written DNR.

CONCLUSIONS
Among patients who died of cancer, significant proportions were found to have received chemotherapy up to the end-of-life and to have visited ERs. Hospice referrals and discussions about DNR were not conducted well during the end-of-life period in Korea.