Pulmonary metastases of recurrent intracranial hemangiopericytoma diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology: a case report.

Acta cytologica

PubMedID: 18540302

Goel D, Babu S, Prayaga AK, Sundaram C. Pulmonary metastases of recurrent intracranial hemangiopericytoma diagnosed on fine needle aspiration cytology: a case report. Acta Cytol. 2008;52(3):344-6.
BACKGROUND
Meningeal hemangiopericytoma (HPC) is a rare neoplasm. It is closely related to hemangiopericytomas in systemic tissues, with a tendency to recur and metastasize outside the CNS. Only a few case reports describe the cytomorphologic appearance of these metastasizing lesions, most having primary tumor in deep soft tissues. We report a case of recurrent meningeal HPC metastasizing to lungs.

CASE
A 48-year-old woman presented with a history of headache. She underwent primary surgery 10 years previously for left parietal tumor. Histopathologic diagnosis was HPC. Radiotherapy was given postoperatively. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at admission suggested local recurrence. She also complained of dry cough and shortness of breath. On evaluation, computed tomography (CT) scan lung showed multiple, bilateral, small nodules. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of a larger nodule revealed spindle-shaped cells arranged around blood vessels. Immunohistochemistry with CD34 on cell block confirmed metastatic HPC.

CONCLUSION
FNAC is an easy, accurate, relatively noninvasive procedure for diagnosing metastases, especially in patients with a history of recurrent intracranial HPC. Immunohistochemistry on cell block material collected at the time of FNAC may aid in distinguishing HPC from other tumors that are close mimics cytologically.